Cite a Short Work from a Website in MLA (8) Style

Hi this is Jessie at the HelenaCollege Library.

I'm going to show you how to cite a web page or a short workfrom a website in the updated MLA style.

When you include outside information ina paper or project, you must cite where the information is found in two places.

The first is the in-text citation, which is a brief note to the reader that youare using outside information.

For a website you generally only need onething: the author's last name.

MLA only requires page numbers for documents thathave stable page numbers, like a book, article, or PDF.

Printouts from a websitevary from one computer to another, so there are no stable page numbers forwebsites.

In short, if you cannot find stable page numbers do not include any.

Here is a direct quote from a website.

The citation appears in parentheses atthe end of the sentence, after the closing quotation marks and before theperiod.

When there are two authors, include the last names for both, with anand between.

Look carefully near the top or bottom of the content for anyindication of who wrote the page.

If you cannot find the name of an individual, also look for the name of an organization taking credit for thecontent.

Each of your sources will also be included in your list of works citedat the end of your paper.

This list provides the full citation for eachsource, with enough information for a reader to find it.

You will usually findthe information you need at the beginning or end of the webpage ordocument, though it may take some careful searching to find.

Let's look at thebasic citation for a short work from a website and, of course, pay carefulattention to all punctuation, spacing, and formatting that you see in the examplecitations and use them in yours.

The authors are listed first.

For thefirst author enter the last name, followed by their first name, and thenmiddle name or initials if you know them.

Enter the second author after the firstin normal order, as in: first middle last.

If you cannot find the name of anindividual, also look for the name of an organization taking credit for the page.

This would be the same as you use in your in-text citation.

Place a period atthe end of the author's names.

The title of the short work – the article or pageyou are reading – is written in quotation marks in title-style capitalization.

Aperiod goes at the end of the title inside the ending quotation mark.

Next is the name of the website on which the short work is found.

Find this at thetop or bottom of the page.

The URL or web address can also give you clues aboutthe name of the website.

This is sometimes the same as the author.

Thename of the website is typed in italics, title-style capitalization, and ends witha comma.

The sponsor of the website is listed next.

This is often the same asthe title of the website or the organizational author.

If it is the same, do not include it in your citation.

But look carefully at the copyrightstatement on the bottom of the website to see if another company ororganization owns the website.

The URL can sometimes provide a clue as well.

The name of the sponsor is followed by a comma.

Next is the date, followed by aperiod.

Look carefully at the top and bottom of the article for the date theinformation was published, edited, or updated.

Type the date month and year.

When no date can be found type “n” period d period in lowercase letters andend it with a comma.

You may be asked to include the URL or web address for thesite.

This is optional but can help the reader to find your source.

Copy it fromthe address bar but do not include the HTTP or HTTPS part.

End it with a period.

Finally you may enter the date you accessed the website.

This is optional and, again, written as date abbreviated month and year, with a period at the end.

Sohere is our complete citation.

Again the author is the same in the in-textcitation and the full citation, as this will help your reader identify yoursources.

Your citations may look a little different depending on the webpage ordocument that you cite.

Refer to A Pocket Style Manual or the Purdue OWL websitefor more guidelines and examples.

And you can always contact the Helena Collegelibrary with questions.